White River First Nation, Ross River Dena Council and Liard First Nation are the remaining Yukon First Nations that have not entered into agreements. negotiations between Yukon First Nations and the Government of Canada; and later with the Yukon government for the next 20 years, until the final Umbrella Agreement was signed in 1993. This document served as the basis for the final agreements and self-management that would follow immediately and in the years to come. The Ta`an Kwach`an signed their contracts in 2002, one hundred years after Chief Boss`s letter. The final First Nation agreements include the actual legal agreements of the three parties, the federal government, the Yukon government and the First Nation. These agreements are protected by the Constitution and can only be amended with the agreement of all three parties. They are often referred to as “modern contracts.” The FNFA contains all the provisions of the framework agreement, adding “specific provisions” applicable to the First Nation. The final agreements reach habitat areas and address issues of economy, wildlife, land and resource management and other issues such as cultural heritage. Final first nation agreements have been reached with 11 of Yukon First Nations.

Behold: Nacho Nyak Dun`s First Nation in Mayo, The Champagne – Aishihik First Nations at Haines Junction, the Vuntut Gwitchin First Nation in Old Crow, Teslin Tlingit Council in Teslin, Little Salmon-Carmacks First Nation in Carmacks, Selkirk First Nation in Pelly Crossing, Kluane First Nation in Burwash Landing, Ta`an Kwach`an Council in Whitehorse, Tr`ondek Hw`echin First Nation in Dawson City, Kwanlin Dun Nation in Whitehorse and Carcros Tagish First Nation. The other First Nations in the Yukon are still negotiating. LCAC Representative: Kris Statnyk kris@mandellpinder.com Proud of our ancient cultural heritage and our homeland, we have our inherent right to autonomy, to take responsibility for the general well-being of our citizens and to ensure the good governance of our communities, countries and resources. The Vuntut Gwitchin of Old Crow forms a community of about 300 people. A commune without access to the Other World, you can only reach this village by boat in the summer, snow machine in winter or plane all year round. This isolation is a blessing for our people, because it allows us to preserve our language, traditional activities such as fishing, fishing, snowshoeing and hunting – especially the hunting of porcupine caribou ovens. Head Office Address: P.O. Box 94 Old Crow, Yukon Canada, Y0B 1N0 To learn more about how historic and modern Aboriginal contracts continue to shape the Canadian landscape, take a look at this book: Land claims and autonomy in the Yukon are the result of hard work and the determination of a number of breakers.

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