Unlike investment protection, investment promotion provisions are rarely formally included in AI and, if so, these provisions generally remain non-binding. Nevertheless, improving the formal protection offered to foreign investors through an I2 should encourage and encourage cross-border investment. The benefits of higher foreign investment are significant for developing countries that wish to use foreign investment and IDAMIT as instruments to improve their economic development. Although governments conclude IAS standards with respect to overall development objectives, these agreements themselves generally do not directly address economic development issues. While AIs rarely contain specific commitments to promote investment, some provisions that advocate the exchange of information on investment opportunities, encourage the use of investment incentives, or propose the creation of investment promotion agencies (IAPs). Some also contain provisions dealing with development-related public policy issues, such as health or environmental exceptions or essential safety exceptions. Some AIs also give countries specific regulatory flexibility, particularly when it comes to making commitments to investment liberalization. Preferential trade and investment agreements (PTIA) are broader economic agreements between countries concluded to facilitate international trade and the cross-border transfer of inputs. These may include economic integration agreements, free trade agreements (FAs), Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs) or other similar types of agreements covering, among other things, foreign investment provisions. In PTIA, the foreign investment section is only a small part of the contract, which usually includes one or two chapters. Other topics covered in the PTIA include trade in goods and services, tariffs and non-tariff barriers, customs procedures, specific rules for certain sectors, competition, intellectual property, temporary entry of people and much more. PTIA follows trade and investment liberalization as part of this broader priority. Often, the structure and appearance of the chapter on foreign investment is similar to a bit.
The guidelines are “a reaffirmation of the fundamental investment principles that were defined in 1972 by the economy as the main beneficiary of further economic development.” The ICC hopes “these guidelines will be useful to both investors and governments to create a more conducive environment for cross-border investment and to more clearly understand their common responsibilities and opportunities to realize the enormous potential of cross-border investment for common global growth.” The 2012 update “maintains the proven construction of the 1972 guidelines, which separately outline the responsibilities of the investor, the home government and the host government.” In addition, an introduction was added in the update to provide attitudes and context, and chapters on work, taxation, competitive neutrality and corporate responsibility were updated or added.  International legal aspects of relations between foreign countries and investors are largely discussed bilaterally between two countries.