Under international law, a state may agree to be legally bound by signing and ratification or by adhering to an international human rights treaty (“respect” for human rights). The federal process of respecting an international human rights treaty generally includes the following steps: when a state signs a treaty, it agrees to renounce acts that would nullify the purpose and purpose of the treaty, while the state is not yet legally bound by the specific terms of the treaty. The signing of an international human rights treaty also raises hopes that the state will eventually ratify the treaty. Membership has the same effect as ratification. It differs only in the need for a signature or another advance step. When a state then ratifies a treaty, it formally commits to implementing the provisions of the treaty.