A report by the United Nations Environment Programme for 2019 found that current global greenhouse gas emissions were almost exactly at the level of emissions projected for 2020, predicting that the world would no longer implement new climate policies from 2005. “The entry into force of the Doha amendment is a strong signal for a united multilateral commitment to combat climate change,” said Patricia Espinosa, Executive Secretary of the UNFCCC. She said it represented a political commitment to action by 2020 that, as she said, is needed to build confidence in the run-up to the UN climate change conference in Glasgow, Uk in 2021. 1992: The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development is held in Rio de Janeiro. It is the result of the Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) – Patricia Espinosa C. (@PEspinosaC) 2 October 2020 The agreement is a protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) adopted at the 1992 Rio de Janeiro Earth Summit and which has not set legally binding restrictions on emissions or enforcement mechanisms. Only parties to the UNFCCC can become parties to the Kyoto Protocol. The Kyoto Protocol was adopted in 1997 at the third meeting of the UNFCCC Conference of Parties (COP 3) held in Kyoto (The Protocol left unresolved several issues that were later resolved by the UNFCCC`s Sixth Cop6 Conference, which attempted to resolve these issues at its meeting in The Hague at the end of 2000, but was unable to reach an agreement, as the European Union (which advocates stricter implementation) and the United States, Canada, Japan and Australia (who wanted the agreement to be less demanding and more flexible) were unable to reach an agreement. The United States signed the protocol on November 12, 1998,[98] under President Clinton. However, in order to become binding on the United States, the treaty had to be ratified by the Senate, which had already adopted the non-binding Byrd Hagel resolution in 1997, in which it expressed the rejection of an international agreement that did not require developing countries to reduce their emissions and “would seriously harm the U.S. economy.” The resolution was adopted by 95-0.

[99] Although the Clinton administration signed the treaty,[100] it was never submitted to the Senate for ratification.