The Multinational Force and Observers (MFO) are the institution created by the Israeli-Egyptian peace treaty to monitor the implementation of the security provisions of the agreement and prevent violations. It was designed by the Israelis and Egyptians for their particular security situation and is limited in scope to the Sinai Peninsula. The success of the MFO structure rests on several mutually reinforcing pillars, both structurally and substantively. Their mandate is specific and unequivocal. Both sides feel a sense of ownership and invest in the longevity and stability of the peace they have negotiated. Continued leadership and support in the United States has been a key focus. All of this is underpinned by an effective command structure and optimized decision-making and communication channels. The end result is a mechanism that is respected by both parties as reliable and professional and in which both parties see the value of maintenance. U.S. President Jimmy Carter negotiated the talks and went back and forth between the two sides to discuss crucial issues that Carter`s adviser insisted on establishing an Israeli-Egyptian agreement that would lead to a possible resolution of the Palestinian issue.
They believed in a short, loose and undistorted link between the two countries, which was strengthened by the creation of a coherent basis for a settlement. However, Mr. Carter felt that they were “not aiming high enough” and was interested in creating a written “Land for Peace” agreement with Israel, which restores the Sinai Peninsula and the West Bank.  On several occasions, the Egyptian and Israeli leaders sought to abolish the negotiations, only to be re-enchanted in the process by Carter`s personal appeals. But what is important in assessing the results is that Camp David was composed of two letters, one describing a regional peace and a solution for the Palestinians, and the other that describes the Egypt-Israeli peace. For decades, diplomats have been seeking a formula for an acceptable compromise between Israelis and Palestinians that would meet all of Camp David`s aspirations. Although the Camp David Accords have done little to promote peace in a troubled region of the world for many years, they have stabilized relations between two of the Middle East`s greatest powers. A coalition of Arab states, led by Egypt and Syria, fought in October 1973 in Yom Kippur or in October war against Israel. The conflict eventually led to secret peace talks that culminated in two agreements after 12 days. This photo of March 26, 1979 shows Egyptian President Anwar Sadat, his American counterpart Jimmy Carter and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin after the signing of the agreements in Washington. Jerusalem is still an obstacle to peace between Israel and Palestine.
In 1980, Israel proclaimed the entire city as its “eternal and indivisible capital.” After the surrender of its rights to the West Bank and East Jerusalem in 1988, the State of Palestine was proclaimed. In theory, Palestine also makes Jerusalem the capital. In this article, we examine why the Camp David agreements were successfully negotiated and why the agreement was reached. Much of the treaty`s success lies in its details – notably in the security coordination established by the parties and in the mechanisms – but the context of Egypt`s-Israeli relations is at least as important.